Our intestines are the most densely populated place in the world
Trillions of small organisms that produce hormones and messenger substances live in this marvel, which is around seven meters long. These work right into the brain and serve as the most important advisor. What can you learn from it and how can we help the intestines to stay healthy Here are a few interesting facts for you!!
The power of the intestinal barrier should not be underestimated
With 200 m² the surface of the small intestine is 100 times the size of the entire surface of our skin. The body can absorb nutrients and fluids over this huge area. However, the many folds and protuberances in the intestine also allow harmful microorganisms and germs to penetrate. To prevent this from happening, the intestine has various helpers to help it defend itself:
- the microbiome (intestinal flora)“)
- the intestinal lining
- the gut-associated immune system (also GALT from English gut associated lymphoid tissue)
Together they form the so-called intestinal barrier, which fends off or successfully combats most attacks from germs at an early stage. The many pathogens such as viruses, bacteria or fungi are in most cases directly fought by the stomach acid. If they have penetrated this barrier, the immune cells of the intestinal wall come into play.
The GALT, the largest collection of important defense cells
It is hard to believe, but the GALT is located in the intestinal mucosa and is the largest collection of important defense cells in our body. Around 70% of the immune cells live here, which stimulate the production of various defense cells and at the same time manage to decide between good and bad substances and allow important nutrients to pass through. The intestine is much more than our daily helper in digesting the food we feed.ng. It helps the brain to defend its immune system and nourishes the brain with a lot of important information. Neuroscientists now speak of the gut-brain axis. This should significantly influence the development of the brain. Precisely for this reason, we shouldn't make it difficult for our intestines with unhealthy diets.
Prebiotics and Probiotics This is how you help your gutm
are food components that are difficult for the intestine to digest. Most of you will know these ingredients as fiber. They are super important for the healthy development of benign intestinal germs. They cannot be completely broken down by the digestive enzymes and serve as food for the good bacteria in the intestines. The prebiotics include, for example Cereals, asparagus, chicory, onions, garlic and bananas.
are living microorganisms that enter the intestine and can have a positive effect on intestinal health. Probiotic germs are next Yogurt and kefir also in fermented drinks, like our kombucha and kimchi to find. Pickled or fermented vegetables can also contain plenty of probiotics and support your intestinal flora.
Various studies have shown that diseases such as
- Multiple sclerosis
can be favored by a disturbed intestinal system. Take your gut seriously and don't take abdominal pain and a weak immune system for granted. After antibiotic treatment, for example, it is essential to rebuild the protective intestinal bacteria.
Your mood can also be influenced by your gut!
Researchers at a university in Ireland made the exciting observation that the Gut flora microbes can affect the brain and your mood through various mechanisms . Our intestinal bacteria are e.g. essential building blocks for the messenger substances serotonin and dopamine. It can happen that a disturbed intestinal flora helps to prevent the conversion of the important messenger substances. Our intestines also play a key role in the formation of the melatonin required for sleep.
Thank you for reading!